The EU member states need not only deal with short-term challenges in the context of the refugee crisis but also have to understand the longer term implications in the context of an ageing population. Against this background, the Centre of Expertise on Population and Migration (CEPAM) conducts research on the likely longer-term impact of alternative migration scenarios on the changing structure of Europe’s population by not only considering age and sex but also education and labor force participation. Two major publications have been launched.
A new flagship report from IIASA and the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) examines the key factors that will shape European demographics over the coming decades. By examining not only the role of migration, fertility and mortality, but also education levels and labour force participation rates, a more comprehensive view of possible futures can be outlined than the conventional demographic projections allow for. The first five sections of this report focus on demographic challenges inside the EU, such as population ageing, a shrinking labour force, more non-working people being dependent on working people, and showing the impact of high levels of emigration in some EU Member States.
With these challenges in mind and with a view towards 2060, the report builds scenarios to understand the long-term effects of changes in key trends, and whether undesirable consequences can be limited or counteracted. As the EU and its demographics do not exist in isolation, the following sections explore the relevant trends for world demographics and for migration flows.
Reference: Lutz W, Amran G, Belanger A, Conte A, Gailey N, Ghio D, Grapsa E, Jensen K, et al. (2019). Demographic Scenarios for the EU: Migration, population and education. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. [pure.iiasa.ac.at/id/eprint/15942/]
A new book from IIASA and the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) examines potential future scenarios on population trends across the world, taking into account migration, fertility, mortality, education, and labor force participation.
The book looks at the population outcomes for 201 different countries, based on three different migration scenarios in addition to different fertility, mortality, and education scenarios. The ‘medium’ scenario assumes that migration rates will remain similar to the average level observed for each country from 1960–2015. The ‘double migration’ scenario assumes twice the average level of in- and out- migration rates. The ‘zero migration’ scenario assumes no migration. The editors say that these “naïve” scenarios serve as benchmarks to understand how migration affects population, rather than realistic forecasts.
Reference: Lutz L, Goujon A, Samir KC, Stonawski M, Stilianakis N eds. (2018) Demographic and human capital scenarios for the 21st century. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union [pure.iiasa.ac.at/id/eprint/15226/]
Last edited: 24 March 2021
Senior Program Advisor Population and Just Societies Program
Principal Research Scholar Social Cohesion, Health, and Wellbeing Research Group - Population and Just Societies Program
IIASA-JRC Centre of Expertise on Population and Migration
Lutz, W., Amran, G., Belanger, A., Conte, A., Gailey, N., Ghio, D., Grapsa, E., Jensen, K., Loichinger, E., Marois, G. , Muttarak, R. , Potančoková, M. , Sabourin, P., & Stonawski, M. (2019). Demographic Scenarios for the EU: Migration, population and education. Publications Office of the European Union
Lutz, W., Goujon, A. , K.C., S., Stonawski, M., & Stilianakis, N. (2018). Demographic and Human Capital Scenarios for the 21st Century: 2018 assessment for 201 countries. Publications Office of the European Union
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