While 2005 activity data and originates from statistical data, the 2010 is based on preliminary data from IEA World Energy Outlook (IEA, 2011).
The 2008 and 2009 emissions are not based on the full GAINS model calculation but were developed using proxies describing changes in the period between 2005 and 2010; specifically country-specific and regional changes in energy use (relying on IEA and BP energy balances), emissions reported to the international bodies like UNECE and UNFCCC, emissions reported by national centres, data from International Monetary Fund (IMF) about GDP.
The emission sets were used in a number of regional simulations in the ECLIPSE project in order to validate them against measurements.
Gridded emissions of SO2, NOx, NH3, nmVOC, BC, OC, PM2.5, CO, CH4
Last edited: 14 July 2021
Research Group Leader and Principal Research Scholar Pollution Management Research Group - Energy, Climate, and Environment Program
Emeritus Research Scholar Pollution Management Research Group - Energy, Climate, and Environment Program
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
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