A selection of ongoing projects of the Biodiversity and Natural Resources Program.


IIASA is quantifying the responses of ecosystems and society in a world increasingly rich in N and C but limited in P. The ongoing shifts in C:N:P balances in ecosystems will necessarily affect the structure, function and diversity of the Earth system.  More


The CD-LINKS project brings together a consortium of seventeen leading international research organizations from around the globe to explore national and global transformation strategies for climate change and their linkages to a range of sustainable development objectives. More

Dynamic vegetation models: the next generation

Dynamic Global Vegetation Models (DGVMs) are invaluable for understanding the biosphere. However, as currently implemented by the international research community, these models suffer from a challenging accumulation of uncertainty. This project aims to address this problem by developing the foundations of a new generation of models centered on a “missing law” – adaptation and optimization principles rooted in natural selection. More

Sustainable aviation biofuel supply chains in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Worldwide Fund for Nature South Africa (WWF-SA) has commissioned IIASA to assess pathways towards large-scale, sustainable aviation biofuel deployment in Sub-Saharan Africa. More

RESTORE+: Addressing Landscape Restoration on Degraded Land in Indonesia and Brazil

RESTORE+ aims to explore restoration and utilization options of tropical degraded and/or marginal land in order to ease pressure on deforestation as well as mitigating climate change. The project aspires to generate innovative methodology that combines multi-objective modelling (utilizing more than five in-house and newly developed models) with advanced big data and crowd-empowered remote sensing analyses. More


Project to develop online portal for national-level, cross-sectoral climate-impact assessments, based on state-of-the-art climate-impacts simulations from ISIMIP More


Modification and adjustment of the Full Verified Carbon Account of Forest Ecosystems (Ukraine) based on integration of ground research, remote sensing data and regional models applied to forest ecosystems of Ukrainian Polissya. More

SEPA Modelling

The project ”Mediated modelling of forest ecosystems services to support management” aims at developing systems analysis for managing conflicts between wildlife, forestry, and society in Sweden to improve national and regional forest and wildlife management policy. More


Integrating renewable electricity systems with the biomass conversion sector: a focus on extreme meteorological events. More

Brazil-EU Cooperation for Development of Advanced Lignocellulosic Biofuels (BECOOL)

BECOOL is a Horizon 2020 project that fosters the cooperation between Europe and Brazil in the development of advanced biofuels from sustainable agricultural value chains, based on lignocellulosic biomass. More

CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange Costs (COACCH)

COACCH (CO-designing the Assessment of Climate CHange costs) is a Horizon 2020 project that aims to advance knowledge regarding climate change impacts and policy that can be used directly by stakeholder communities. More


This project explores how to use multi-model ensembles to inform climate change management. CO-MICC – Supporting risk assessment and adaptation at multiple spatial scales: CO-development of Methods to utilize uncertain multi-model based Information on freshwater-related hazards of Climate Change More


The European project VERIFY aims to provide the European Commission with a system to estimate greenhouse gas emissions to support emission reporting submitted by each country under the United Nations Framework Convention on climate change. More

Global Water Scarcity Atlas

Project seeks to inspire engagement in water scarcity More

Sustainable Bioeconomy Futures – From Malaysia to South East Asia

Special Activity on Integrated Bioeconomy in South East Asia More

Advancing WFaS East Africa: Scaling out resilient water and agricultural systems (scaleWAYS)

The research and development project analyzes up scaling options for water and land management practices for the resilient and sustainable intensification of agricultural production and food systems in the extended Lake Victoria Basin. More


This study focuses on the conditions for meeting the Paris Agreement targets, regional variation in the options for greenhouse gas removal, the scope for inter-region cooperation to reduce climate policy costs and how greenhouse gas removal technologies will interact with low carbon energy systems. More

Nature Map Earth

Nature Map Earth is developing an integrated global map of biodiversity, carbon storage, and other dimensions of nature by consolidating and crowd-sourcing data from many sources. More


Austria has committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 with a view on meeting the 1.5°C and 2°C target set out in the Paris Agreement of 2015. This however requires a significant transformation of societies at all levels and in all sectors.  More


ALTERFOR explores the potential to optimize forest management models currently in use in different forested areas in European countries. The international consortium of scientists and forestry practitioners will examine alternative forest management models in ten case study areas. Each area represents different forest management practices and socio-ecological conditions across Europe. More

REmote Climate Effects and their Impact on European sustainability, Policy and Trade (RECEIPT)

In an interconnected world, Europe’s economy and society will be increasingly affected by climate change impacts that occur beyond its borders. This Horizon 2020 project explores how this will affect Europe’s economy, finance and policy. More


A Transnational Cooperation for Sustainable Use and Management of Non-Native Trees in Urban, Peri-Urban and Forest Ecosystems in the Alpine Region More

Agent-based models to inform economic policies on migration (ABM2Policy)

Unanticipated migration inflows can have positive and negative economic and social consequences depending on policies implemented by the recipient country to cope with the manifold challenges. Model-based scientific assessments of in-migration on a country's national economy are hence needed, as is meaningful stakeholder deliberation of alternative policies to support the integration of refugees in ways that contribute to resilient and sustainable societies. More


The AmazonFACE project addresses the overarching question of how climate change will affect the Amazon forest, the biodiversity it harbors, and the ecosystem services it provides to humanity. More

Growth and Fiscal Analysis of Risk Layering Strategies (GFRList)

'Risk-layering' strategies to reduce, retain and transfer disaster risk not only protect productive assets and lives, but implemented appropriately, could yield a number of additional benefits that could enhance wellbeing and resilience. Yet, conventional static macroeconomic models are not capable of analysing how alternative fiscal resource allocations to risk-layering options may affect developing countries’ growth trajectories under the impact of climate change. More


European countries and regions have invested substantial amounts of resources into biodiversity conservation and knowledge. However, there continues to be limited availability at the EU-scale of harmonized, long-term, spatially explicit and regularly updated biodiversity data. This limits the uptake by policies and sectors that have an impact on biodiversity or that can mitigate biodiversity loss. How will EuropaBON address this challenge? More


The International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in partnership with the UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) and EuroCARE, is leading the EU-BIOCLIMA project: European Union Biodiversity and Climate strategies Assessment.  More

Climate mitigation through achieving Biodiversity targets

Calls to coordinate and strengthen the links between the global biodiversity and climate agendas are growing. Nature-based solutions (NbS) are one of the priorities identified by the UK UNFCCC COP 26 Presidency to achieve the goals set by the Paris Agreement. More

Global LandScapes: RFS-IIASA Rapid Spatial Analysis

The Global LandScapes project is funded by The Nature Conservancy (TNC) in the US and has the overall objective of developing a joint methodology and database to compute a map of global foodscapes and their development potential in view of planning for large-scale deployment of Nature based solutions (NBS). More

The World Bank ECA Regional Water Security Initiative: Development of an Assessment and Preparation of Diagnostic Reports

This project aims to assess and benchmark current and future challenges around water security in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region; and, to develop an operational Methodological Framework to conduct country and regional Water Security Assessments and Benchmarking as well as to provide country specific recommendations using an Action Planning Tool. More

SDG-Pathfinding: Co-creating Pathways for Sustainable Development in Africa

This Belmont Forum Pathways project will support the localization of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda through the development and testing of innovative policy tools, in order to engage local and regional actors from Africa in the design and implementation of required sustainability transformations. More


In fairSTREAM, IIASA researchers aim to understand and reconcile issues of fairness. This is a key aspect for managing risks in nexus issues, such as the food-water-biodiversity nexus, where conflicting views on procedural and outcome fairness often remain unresolved and jeopardize finding viable solutions. Addressing these issues is a major challenge that requires the integration of multiple sources of knowledge and the cooperation of many different societal actors. More

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Last edited: 25 June 2021


Yoshihide Wada

Program Director and Principal Research Scholar Biodiversity and Natural Resources Program

Completed Research Projects

Ecosystems Services and Management

Completed Research Projects

Risk and Resilience


International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Schlossplatz 1, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria
Phone: (+43 2236) 807 0 Fax:(+43 2236) 71 313