The Arctic region is facing rapid climatic and environmental changes, and because of the new risks emerging there is a need to better understand how to govern risks efficiently and fairly.
I am conducting a systematic literature review to examine the implications of loss and damage as a result of climate change for Arctic livelihoods. The role of the Arctic communities in climate governance is also a central theme, and as a case study I examine environmental risk governance from the perspective of a traditional livelihood: reindeer husbandry. I use document analysis and in-person interviews with stakeholders from industry, governmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, and reindeer herders in northern Finland (N=30) on their public participation in environmental management and perceptions of the risks and impacts of mining and wind power development.
My results show that the role of the Arctic is not adequately discussed in the global climate debate. Although Arctic nations are considered to have high adaptive capacity; power and resources are not distributed equally, which creates barriers to action, especially for traditional communities. Active public participation in planning and decision-making is of utmost importance to safeguarding traditional Arctic livelihoods and sustainable development in the region as well as building trust between different types of stakeholders.
Funding: IIASA Postdoctoral Program
Program: Risk and Resilience Program & Arctic Futures Initiative
Dates: January 2016 – December 2017
Last edited: 14 February 2017
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